Vortex Archer : the history of freeorder, an arrow in flight
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navigation, contact, access: click ►▼, link & ••• —October 5, 2019
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how to contact us
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Leif Smith
303-778-0880
Explorers Foundation, Inc.
PO Box 9100
Denver, CO 80209
USA
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leifsmith@gmail.comImportant: If we are not already in email communication, please put “*****” at the beginning of the Subject: line of your email. This will assure that we don’t miss the first email you send to us.
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Explorers Foundation ••• home page
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efBegin ••• top level for all outlines
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Vortices ••• list of all vortices
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Threads ••• traces of conversations
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Glyphs ••• list of fragments of Freeorder
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Investments ••• a table of all investments
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freeorder ••• the concept & vision
 
explorersfoundation.org/archer.html — a vortex is a region of Explorers Foundation research and investment — new or changed 🔹
 
The purpose of this discussion is so that we may take heart from the work that has been done, and continues all around us. We need stories, and there is a great one in the emergence of freeorder. We can each play our part in its continuation — the flight of the arrow of liberty, imagination, creativity, and reason.
 
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Log
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05Oct19: “The Political Thought of Étienne de la Boétie
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18Sep19: Raymond De Roover, San Bernardino of Siena and Sant'Antonino of Florence: The Two Great Economic Thinkers of the Middle Ages
 
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🔹 “F.A.Hayek, Free-Market Think Tanks, and Intellectual Entrepreneurs” ••• by Alejandro Chafuen
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🔹 San Bernardino of Siena and Sant'Antonino of Florence: The Two Great Economic Thinkers of the Middle Ages, Raymond De Roover — Mises.org offers a pdf ••• (free). In the first part of the fifteenth century these two thinkers made advances in economics that contributed to the understanding of freeorder.
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🔹 Faith and Liberty: The Economic Thought of the Late Scholastics ••• by Alejandro A. Chafuen. Lanham, Maryland: Lexington Books, 2003, reviewed by Thomas E. Woods, Jr.
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🔹 Three Women Banished Fear: Rose Wilder Lane, Isabel Paterson, and Ayn Rand: Three Women Who Inspired the Modern Libertarian Movement ••• Jim Powell ••• 1996
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“Liberty was in full retreat in the early 1940s. Tyrants oppressed or threatened people on every continent. Western intellectuals whitewashed mass murderers like Joseph Stalin, and Western governments expanded their power with Soviet-style central planning. Fifty million people were killed in the war that raged in Europe, Africa, and Asia. The United States, seemingly the last hope for liberty, was drawn into it.
“Established American authors who defended liberty were a dying breed. H.L. Mencken had turned away from bitter politics to write his memoirs, while others like Albert Jay Nock and Garet Garrett were mired in pessimism.
“Amidst the worst of times, three bold women banished fear.”
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"Whoever is fortunate enough to be an American citizen came into the greatest inheritance man has ever enjoyed. He has had the benefit of every heroic and intellectual effort men have made for many thousands of years, realized at last. If Americans should now turn back, submit again to slavery, it would be a betrayal so base the human race might better perish."
Isabel Paterson, The God of the Machine (1943), p. 292. —posted by Paul Jacob ••• on Common Sense •••
 
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🔹 “The Political Thought of Étienne de la Boétie” ••• (free download of the entire book, written in 1552-1553), with an introduction by Murray N. Rothbard. ~thanks to the Ludwig von Mises Institute
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“… I think I do not err in stating that there is in our souls some native seed of reason, which, if nourished by good counsel and training, flowers into virtue, but which, on the other hand, if unable to resist the vices surrounding it, is stifled and blighted. Yet surely if there is anything in this world clear and obvious, to which one cannot close one’s eyes, it is the fact that nature, handmaiden of God, governess of men, has cast us all in the same mold in order that we may behold in one another companions, or rather brothers. If in distributing her gifts nature has favored some more than others with respect to body or spirit, she has nevertheless not planned to place us within this world as if it were a field of battle, and has not endowed the stronger or the cleverer in order that they may act like armed brigands in a forest and attack the weaker. One should rather conclude that in distributing larger shares to some and smaller shares to others, nature has intended to give occasion for brotherly love to become manifest, some of us having the strength to give help to others who are in need of it.” —Étienne de la Boétie
 
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🔹 American Business History Center ••• : become a founding member by the end of May 2019
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Quotations introducing the Center: “The further backward you look, the further forward you can see.” –Winston Churchill; “You can’t connect the dots looking forward; you can only connect them looking backwards” –Steve Jobs
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This project inspires us to present to Gary Hoover •••, a founder of the History Center, an Explorers Foundation Cobden-Bright Award ••• accompanied by a small donation to be invested in the Center.
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freeorder, in part, depends on a continuous discovery process called “the market,” to which entrepreneurs contribute by seeking to combine resources in ways that deliver more for less. Success results in profit, failure in loss. Productive resources accumulate in the hands of those who profit. What all of us choose to buy, or not to buy, eventually determines the allocation of all capital not stolen. •••
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Understanding the history of business, the fabric of discovery called market process, is essential to the emergence of freeorder. Learned tomes will not do the job. The message must fly on the wings of story. Here’s to the pens and cameras of the American Business History Center!
 
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🔹 Chickens and Freedom: Sir Anthony Fisher and his Buxted Chicken Company, founded in England in 1954, played a key part in creating over five hundred free market oriented think tanks, now in almost every country in the world. His start was to smuggle a dozen chicken eggs from Cornell into England decorated as Easter Eggs — only fitting since smugglers of beneficial goods are heroes of freeorder. See entries below (February) on Brasil for evidence of the impact of these groups.
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Anthony Fisher: Champion of Liberty ••• (Amazon) Gerald Frost ••• 2002
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This book is available as a pdf ••• without charge from the Institute of Economic Affairs (IEA) ••• London.
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Tony Fisher met F. A. Hayek in late 1945, at the London School of Economics, founded by Sidney and Beatrice Webb, founders, with George Bernard Shaw, of the Fabian Society. (Frost, pg. 39)
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To Ralph Harris, who became the first leader of the Institute of Economic Affairs, on their first meeting, Fisher said, “One day when my ship comes in I’d like to create something which will do for the non-Labour Parties what the Fabian Society did for Labour.” (Frost, pg. 44)
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Linda Whetstone ••• interviewed ••• by Ron Manners •••
 
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freeorder is mixed of the designed and the spontaneous, optimized to use all the personal knowledge available. Economic theory grown from the introspective personalization of fundamental concepts, as in Mises’ Human Action, can be employed by historians to shed rare and needed light on economic history, sometimes revealing catastrophic deficits of freeorder. Mises’ student, Murray N. Rothbard, shows how this is done in Conceived in Liberty, four volumes offering radical rethinking of the beginnings of the United States.
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Separate audio (mp3) for each chapter with title and description:
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.zip files for the entire book are available here ••• without change.
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A brilliant and elegant presentation of the right way to understand economic history, read by Dr. Floy Lilly from Murray N. Rothbard’s Conceived in Liberty, vol 1, ch 32, "Mercantilism, Merchants, and Class Conflict” ••• (direct access to the page at Mises Institute that hosts the audio file)
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Gladstone’s Library ••• “The library's priority is to build and nurture a wide network of writers and thinkers in order to maintain William Gladstone's legacy of engagement with social, moral and spiritual questions.”
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“In 1895, at the age of 85, William Gladstone gave £40,000 and much of his own library. Armed with only his valet and one of his daughters, William Gladstone wheeled 32,000 books three quarters of a mile between his home at Hawarden Castle and the library. He unpacked them and put them onto shelves using his own catalogue system.” https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gladstone%27s_Library
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The Foundation for Economic Education (FEE •••) has been and remains one of the great foundation stones for the emergence of freeorder, now accelerating all over the world. FEE was founded in 1946 by Leonard E. Read
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“The Mediaeval Roman Empire: An Unlikely Emergence and Survival” ••• by Sean Gabb •••, a speech made at the Property and Freedom Society •••, Bodrum •••, Turkey, 14th September 2018 — Sean is rehabilitating the reputation of the much disparaged Eastern Roman Empire in ways pertinent to the history of freeorder. ~thanks to Sean Gabb
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“… the history of what I will from now call not the Byzantine Empire, but the Mediaeval Roman Empire, is perhaps the most astonishing instance of how courage and determination can keep civilisation alive in the face of the most forbidding and apparently overpowering challenges.” —Sean Gabb
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Phoenicia, the strategy of gifts left on beaches as a way to begin trade relations with strangers, and how to replicate it in the modern digital age:
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See modern employment of this idea by Mark Frazier, Openworld, Inc. “Phoenician traders used this approach to establish the world’s first network of free economic zones.” vOpenworld
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Spain, 9-11th centuries, the city of Toledo a civil edge of the Moslem/Christian confluence. vToledo
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See The Gem of the World, Rosa Menocal —recommended by Dr. Imad-ad-Dean Ahmad, Minaret of Freedom.
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Hanseatic League
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Helen Zimmern’s book.
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Gale Ecco publications - literature of England, 18th century
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“The 18th century was a wealth of knowledge, exploration and rapidly growing technology and expanding record-keeping made possible by advances in the printing press. In its determination to preserve the century of revolution, Gale initiated a revolution of its own: digitization of epic proportions to preserve these invaluable works in the largest archive of its kind. Now for the first time these high-quality digital copies of original 18th century manuscripts are available in print, making them highly accessible to libraries, undergraduate students, and independent scholars.Medical theory and practice of the 1700s developed rapidly, as is evidenced by the extensive collection, which includes descriptions of diseases, their conditions, and treatments. Books on science and technology, agriculture, military technology, natural philosophy, even cookbooks, are all contained here.”
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A Gale Ecco publications: The Making of Modern Law
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“The Making of the Modern Law: Legal Treatises, 1800-1926 includes over 20,000 analytical, theoretical and practical works on American and British Law. It includes the writings of major legal theorists, including Sir Edward Coke, Sir William Blackstone, James Fitzjames Stephen, Frederic William Maitland, John Marshall, Joseph Story, Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr. and Roscoe Pound, among others. Legal Treatises includes casebooks, local practice manuals, form books, works for lay readers, pamphlets, letters, speeches and other works of the most influential writers of their time. It is of great value to researchers of domestic and international law, government and politics, legal history, business and economics, criminology and much more.”
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Founder, Frederick Gale Ruffner, Jr. •••
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The Netherlands, 17th Century
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Jacobus Arminius — Wikipedia ••• (Arminius may become important in the discussions reflected in this vortex)
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Johan van Oldenbarnevelt — Wikipedia •••
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glyph 495: Dutch Republicans, early 1600s
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The American Colonies, Conceived in Liberty, by Murray N. Rothbard
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Conceived in Liberty is a history of the colonies that became the United States, as perceived by a master provider of tools for explorers, for all of us who wish freedom of thought, expression, and action. The perspective offered in these volumes will contribute to the formation of a new and better idea of who we are and what we can become. Great stories with heroes are the ground of everything, and you will find them here in richness that will astonish. This is not the story of our origins as usually told. Prepare to be surprised.
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In the telling of history perspective is everything. Here is the history of the colonies that became the United States of America, told from the perspective of an individualist who understood freeorder.
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How to get the book (free editions, paid editions, free audio files of entire book, free pdf of entire book)
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glyph 380 (access to all forms of the book)
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This story does not begin with the founding of the United States, an event far along the course of the arrow.
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The Great Robert Walpole ••• — as told (and written) by Murray N. Rothbard
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William Vassall, 1645, Plymouth, Liberty of Conscience
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In 1645, Plymouth, Massachusetts, "... William Vassall, a leading merchant, presented to the General Court of Plymouth as well as to that of Massachusetts Bay a petition for complete religious liberty—to grant 'full and free tolerance of religion to all men that will preserve the civil peace and submit unto the government.' … 'All men' meant exactly that, including Familists, Roman Catholics, and Jews." —Murray N. Rothbard, Conceived in Liberty, Vol. 1, Ch. 36.
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Dorothy Carpenter’s biography of William Vassall •••
pastedImage6Vassall & Son
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“William Vassall whose contribution was to point the way to religious harmony in both Massachusetts Bay and Plymouth. But, as visionaries often do when they are far ahead of their time, he seemed to achieve only turmoil. The important thing to us was that he sowed seeds that would someday ripen and help to create the kind of nation that he had in mind — a nation that would welcome “all men that would preserve the civil peace, and submit unto Government,” and there would be “no limitation or exception against Turk, Jew, Papist, Arian, Socinian, Nicholaytan, Familist, or any other...”
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Boland and Haywood, Flagstaff Institute, World Export Processing Zone Association (WEPZA), development of special economic zones, China, UAE.
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For more on this see vOpenworld
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Events of Significance (timeline)
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Mont Pelerin Society: founding meeting, April, 1947, Switzerland
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A list of participants: glyph 35
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William Voker Fund makes it’s first investment in liberty. About Volker: Mr. Anonymous,: The story of William Volker, by Herbert C. Cornuelle •••
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The Voker Fund hired Murray Rothbard as a researcher. <year?> Notes made by Murray during that time are available somewhere on line <not too helpful, yet>
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Fifth Institute on Freedom and Competitive Enterprise, 1958.
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It was at this event that Bruno Leoni delivered the lectures that became Freedom and the Law.
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See Arthur Kemp’s introduction to Bruno Leioni’s Freedom and the Law.
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List of participants
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Miller & Drexler publish on Agoric Systems, 1988: ”Markets and Computation: Agoric Open Systems," in B. A. Huberman, ed., The Ecology of Computation (Amsterdam: North-Holland).
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Don Lavoie publishes on the work of Miller & Drexler: “High Tech Hayekians” ••• (found on the website of Phil Salin •••)
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Lavoie’s paper appeared originally in the journal "Market Process", Spring 1990, Vol 8.
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“The scholarly publication ‘Market Process’ played the central role in the transformation of the market process school from a hesitant subset of traditional Austrian economics into a bold new research programme.” —from http://www.e-elgar.com/shop/the-market-process (the pdf flyer available on that page).
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glyph 590 High Tech Hayekians, by Don Lavoie - precursors, origins, and potential of the agoric approach to computation … foundations of the thinking that led to Blockchain, Bitcoin, etc.
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Pioneering Ventures: 20th century analysts, collectors and distributors of ideas and connectors of people
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The Bow Group, London, founded by Ernest Benn and associates, 1955
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Foundation for Economic Education (FEE), founded by Leonard Read, 1946
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Mont Pelerin Society, 1947
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Institute for Economic Affairs, London, 1955
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The Foundation for Economic Education (FEE) has been and remains one of the great foundation stones for the emergence of freeorder, now accelerating all over the world. This video ••• tells the story.
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Institute for Humane Studies
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Rampart College and The Freedom School, Larkspur, Colorado, founded by Robert LeFevre, editor of the Colorado Springs Gazette-Telegraph, about 1958.
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Glyphs
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590 High Tech Hayekians, by Don Lavoie - precursors, origins, and potential of the agoric approach to computation … foundations of the thinking that led to Blockchain, Bitcoin, etc.
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480 Conceived in Liberty, by Murray N. Rothbard - a history of the American colonies from an individualist perspective
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269 Islam and the Discovery of Freedom, by Rose Wilder Lane - Published by Minaret of Freedom Institute
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Books
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<insert link to a bibliography kept elsewhere that pertains to most or all vortices. The list here will supplement that with books of particular historical interest, and may point out particular aspects of books in the general list.>
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Charlemagne, Muhammad, and the Arab Roots of Capitalism, by Gene W. Heck
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vMulligan : Arabic inscriptions on the last coinage issued by Charlemagne. Gene W. Heck explains why.
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The Hanseatic League, by Helen Zimmern
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Radicals for Capitalism
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Funding Fathers: The Unsung Heroes of the Conservative Movement, by Nicole Hoplin and Ron Robinson, 2008.
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Most relevant to freeorder are the chapters on William Volker and Anthony Fisher.
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The only thing “conservative” about freeorder is comittment to the conservation of liberty. Our view of conservatism makes us radical and liberal, in the original sense of those words: a radical (to the roots) commitment to the freedom of every single human being.
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Inventing Freedom, Daniel Hannan
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A fine book. The phrase, “the law of the land,” may be better understood after reading this than ever before.
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Islam and the Discovery of Freedom, Rose Wilder Lane, edited and with commentary by Dr. Imad-ad-Dean Ahmad.
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The Ornament of The World—How Muslims, Jews, and Christians Created A Culture Of Tolerance In Medieval Spain, by María Rosa Menocal, R. Selden Rose Professor of Spanish and Portuguese and head of the Whitney Humanities Center at Yale University. This link ••• will download a review (pdf) of the book by Dr. Faroque Ahmed Khan. Professor of Medicine, State University of New York, Stony Brook.
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[this will eventually point to a large bibliography]
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Topics to be developed
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Mont Pelerin Society, founded 1947
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The Road from Mont Pèlerin: The Making of the Neoliberal Thought Collective, With a New Preface, by Philip Mirowski
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The arrow and the archer are perceived only by looking backwards through time, often with astonishment at the revelation.
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The emergence of novel ideas, often with the support of conversations sometimes extensively distibuted in space and time.
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Evolution of forms of agreement allowing for the accumulation and management of capital.
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Evolution of mechanisms of exchange and economic calculation
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Gene Heck’s Charlegmagne, Muhammad and the Arab Roots of Capitalism, 2006, on the transmission of new forms of business association from Islam to the West.
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F. W. Maitland on the origin of trusts. … and elsewhere on Islamic waqfs.
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Good book on Maitland’s work listed here:
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F. W. Maitland and the Making of the Modern World (Published originally in The Making of the Modern World, by Alan Macfarlane, Palgrave, 2002)
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http://explorersfoundation.org/glyphery/180.html — a list of Macfarlane books for download, without charge. Thank you, Alan.
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Timeline: flight of the arrow of freeorder
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1553: Étienne De La Boétie: Discourse on Voluntary Servitude
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https://mises-media.s3.amazonaws.com/19_4_8.pdf — introduction by Murray N. Rothbard
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Notes
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K.R. Popper on the first commercial publishing business. What book is this in?
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Participants in this vortex
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Jim Bennett, Mike Lotus, Leif Smith
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To be invited: Bob Haywood, Tom Bell, Spencer MacCallum, Sean Gabb, Imad-ad-Dean Ahmad
.oOo.