Vortex Cheetah : entrepreneurial Africa
navigation, contact, access: click ►▼, link & ••• — October 7, 2018
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how to contact us
Leif Smith
Explorers Foundation, Inc.
PO Box 9100
Denver, CO 80209
leifsmith@gmail.comImportant: If we are not already in email communication, please put “*****” at the beginning of the Subject: line of your email. This will assure that we don’t miss the first email you send to us.
Explorers Foundation ••• home page
efBegin ••• top level for all outlines
Vortices ••• - a list, with explanations
Threads •••, traces of conversations
Glyphs ••• (a list of fragments of Freeorder)
Investments ••• a table of all investments
freeorder ••• the concept & vision
explorersfoundation.org/cheetah.html — a vortex is a region of Explorers Foundation research and investment — new or changed marked by 🔹
additions & changes
12Sep18: article about Peter Bauer
11Jan17: added to section on Polly Hill and her work in Ghana in the 1950’s.
18Sep16: Libertarian Herman Mashaba elected mayor of Johannesburg; many other minor changes
08Feb15: added Magatte Wade’s letter of January 17, 2015
08Feb15: added link to Magatte Wade’s blog •••
16Nov13: link to Barbara Johnson’s “Cold War Warrior” article about Ghana, Nkruma, and Cheetahs •••
22Oct13: links to Dambisa Moyo, Peter Bauer, AfricanLiberty.org, fixed a link to Nuru International
21Nov11: link to Sahara Reporters •••
20Nov11: link to Tiossan ••• (Magatte Wade, founder)
19Nov11: link to Eco-Fuel Africa Limited •••
Glyphs related to vortex Cheetah
471 Africans Want to Be Entrepreneurs - Dambisa Moyo, author of Dead Aid
566 Polly Hill’s work on indigenous capital
Many others need to be added
George Ayittey, author of Africa Unchained, and source of "Cheetah” ••• (TED talk, 2007)
George Ayittey's webpage at Mercatus Center, George Mason University •••
George Ayittey at the Oslo Freedom Forum •••
George Ayittey’s The Free Africa Foundation: Africa is Poor Because She is Not Free •••
George Ayittey (bio) was the keynote speaker for the 2014 International Students for Liberty Conference
George Ayittey, “The Failure of African Socialism” ••• (talk given at the 1989 San Francisco Libertarian Party)
🔹 Anthony Daniels, in Quadrant Magazine (2018), on Peter Bauer’s dissent on foreign aid to Africa, recounting his experiences in Tanzania in the 1990s •••
This article amounts to almost a full course on the essentials of economic development, applicable not only to Africa, but illustated by the authors recollection of his experience in Tanzania. And, it is even more than that …
“My friend Peter Bauer dedicated his life to exposing supposed wisdom as folly, knowledge as ignorance, compassion as cruelty, and orthodoxy as absurdity -- and to a large extent he succeeded in striking telling blows for common sense.”
The author had worked in Tanzania, and considered it to be “almost a blueprint for all that Peter thought was most harmful to development” even though at the time Tanzania was regarded as an example of good development. Locally, the ruler of the country, Julius Nyerere, was regarded highly, almost reverently, and was known as “Teacher”.
“Anthony Daniels presented this paper at the conference “P.T. Bauer: A Hungarian in Cambridge”, held at the Danube Institute in Budapest in March.”
Anthony Daniels has written under the name “Theodore Dakrymple”. See The Skeptical Doctor ••• (an account of a fascinating and productive life).
“But certainly a highly regulatory government run by an elite that simultaneously wants for itself the fruits (but not the tree) of past Western economic and technological progress is bound to result in stagnation or worse.”
“Wealth is neither nothing nor everything; there is no single measure of life, not even GDP per capita.”
sketchy notes: little food . poor clothing . everyone slim except people connected with the single political party . certificates of ‘political reliability’ . general corruption to gain small advantages . Nyerere spoke the language of ‘left-wing European intellectuals’ while blinding them to what was actually happening . forced relocation of millions . people active on the open market (black) imprisoned (six months in jail for possession of six cups and saucers without proper receipt) . all this faciliated by foreign aid, disasters to be remedied by more foreigh aid . requisition of crops by ‘state maketing boards’ . scarce foreign currency a monopoly of the government, buying loyalty . hostility to Peter Bauer: “… not regarded merely as mistaken in his ideas about Third World development but wicked…” ….. Rhodesia: why on equal salaries a black doctor and a white doctor lived radically differenent levels of wealth? . difference family types . politics in service of the (very) extended family of the politican . Peter’s deep respect for African peasants and farmers . economics & social justice . economics is not all there is to gain and loss . statistics and misleading impressions .
Works of Peter Thomas Bauer, especially, Dissent on Development
🔹Africa, Senegal, the way to prosperity, “Made in Mékhé” ••• a video with Magatte Wade •••, made by FEE ••• as part of their “How We Thrive” series •••
“Magatte Wade was born in Senegal but spent much of her childhood in France. Growing up, she saw the extreme differences in wealth between Africa and Europe. This disparity sparked a question... Why are some countries rich, and others poor?
As she discovered the answer, Magatte was inspired to become an entrepreneur and bring business and investment back to her home.
In the latest installment of our powerful How We Thrive documentary series, we explore the path to wealth for countries like Senegal, and what a better business environment would mean to the whole of continent of Africa.” —FEE
Magatte Wade
Magatte has created a new company (2016 or 2017), Skin is Skin ••• — why I started this company ••• (page with video)
Magatte Wade’s blog (to June 2014) •••
A letter from Magatte Wade, founder of Tiossan, (Jan 17, 2015):
Dear Friends and Supporters,
I hope this finds all and each of you in good spirits and good health.  May 2015 be a great year for you and loved ones.
Hopefully none of you is as tired as I am! While in many ways, it has been a good year in terms of external recognition, it is a long, hard slog on the ground building Tiossan week by week, month by month. But this is what I chose to do, and for that reason, am grateful for the privilege to do what I love, and love what I do.
While building Tiossan, we also moved from New York to Austin. The weather is much nicer for nine months of the year (not in the summer)! We moved here so that Michael could launch a new school, the Khabele Strong Incubator. I am proud to say it is a great success, and this is the model for the Tiossan school we will create in Senegal.
Later this year, we intend to launch a crowdfunding campaign to move the first stage of Tiossan production to Senegal and to begin work on the school there.
But, I’m getting ahead of myself. First, just to bring you up to speed with progress from 2014:
Tiossan and I were featured in the NYT in an article titled, “African Oils, Exotic and in Demand.”
I was featured on the cover of Forbes Afrique as the top ranked young person building the francophone Africa of tomorrow (see attachment).
Tiossan and I were recognized in an article in Le Point (see attachment), France’s largest news magazine.­ I had been scheduled to have appeared on the cover, but Lupita winning her Academy Award replaced me.
I also spoke at TEDx UNC on “The Four Stages of Bringing an Idea to Life.” 
In July, at the 20th Anniversary of the Rwandan genocide in Kigali, Rwanda, I spoke on entrepreneurship as “The New Wave of Liberation.” This was a very emotional moment for me, but I so loved all the great energy coming from my fellow pan-Africanists.
In September, I gave the opening keynote at the 2014 Global Spa and Wellness Conference in Marrakesh, where I was honored to receive a standing ovation. Deborah Szekely, the amazing 92 year ­old woman considered by many as the godmother of the Health and Wellness Industry, said my talk was the best speech she had ever heard. I was then named the 2014 Leading Woman in Spa and Wellness. I feel as if I have discovered a great  “tribe” in the global spa and wellness community.
On a different note, I spoke on the future of Africa alongside several other African ministers and executives in Paris at the “Forum Nouveau Monde ­ L’Afrique: The Future is Being Created Now.” I was glad to be given the opportunity to bring an alternative perspective - from an entrepreneurial point of view - to the discussion.  You may see the entire panel here or only my remarks here.
I was thrilled to be asked to help the leading private university in Guatemala, Universidad Francisco Marroquin, develop their new and upcoming entrepreneurship program in a three­day retreat of leading entrepreneurs from around the world. My team won!
Earlier in the year I participated in the new documentary film Poverty, Inc. The film has been launched on the film festival circuit this fall, showing at the Topanga Canyon, Austin, and London Leeds film festivals, amongst others. Be sure to see it ­ it has already won several prizes and looks as if it will be an influential film. This documentary is something I am proud to support because the time has come for a different paradigm in the way we all approach development. You may find a review here.
One of the co-­sponsors of the film’s Austin showing was the Whole Planet Foundation, the philanthropic arm of Whole Foods Market. After the film showing I was asked to join the advisory board of the Whole Planet Foundation. They share my commitment to alleviating poverty through entrepreneurship.
Finally, in addition to great retail partners like Birchbox for some time, this year Tiossan launched at Nordstrom. We spent 2014 establishing the brand on the Nordstrom website. Our products are currently available at the Barton Creek Nordstrom in Austin, and we are working on a rollout plan to feature Tiossan products in other key Nordstrom markets in 2015.
It has been a long, hard journey and I’m ready for a break. But I am comforted and re-energized by the upcoming move of our operations to my beloved Senegal. The women we will train and employ, and the children we will provide an amazing Montessori-inspired education with - I have dreamt of it, and it’s about to be real.  Most of my adult life has been spent thinking and working on these issues. And all of those years of sacrifice, tears, sweat and disciplined focus will mean something only if this dream comes true. You have helped me on the journey by simply being there. I hope you will stay with me this year, as I take bold steps towards this dream. Thank you for all that you do and all that you are. I hope you will continue to follow our journey together through subscribing to our newsletter here.
Many blessings to you and yours in the New Year.
With much love and gratitude always,
Free Market Foundation ••• (South Africa)
Polly Hill, “Indefatigable economic anthropologist,” author articles and books on “idigenous capital”.
“From 1954 until 1965, Hill was employed as a Research Fellow at the University of Ghana when, as she put it, she became a pupil of the migrant cocoa farmers of Ghana. Thus began her work as 'field economist', a term that best describes the unique fieldwork methods she pioneered. She began her research using the standard questionnaire method and wrote up the result of this research in her second book, The Gold Coast Cocoa Farmer: a preliminary survey (1956).
“When she subsequently realised that this method had led her to accept uncritically some false, conventional assumptions about the backgrounds of these farmers, she abandoned the method in favour of one that would enable her to make empirical discoveries. Her new method combined the methods of an economic historian, human geographer and economic anthropologist. She made intensive studies of villages, conducted extensive archival work, and situated her findings in the relevant comparative and historical context. All her subsequent works were based on original data that she collected using her rigorous scholarly methods.” —http://www.independent.co.uk/news/obituaries/polly-hill-308002.html
The Migrant Cocoa-Farmers of Southern Ghana. A Study in Rural Capitalism, Polly Hill
“This classic study by Polly Hill was originally published by Cambridge University Press in 1963. Included in the IAI's Classics in African Anthropology series, Gareth Austin’s introduction sets it in context and explaining its continuing importance.
“The migration of southern Ghanaian cocoa-farmers, which had been proceeding since the 1890s, was not known to have occurred. This migrant had scarcely been mentioned in the literature until Polly HIll gave a full account of his migration, ‘one of the great events in recent economic history of Africa south of the Sahara’. The migrant farmer, who rather resembles a ‘capitalist’ than a ‘peasant’, buys land and conventionally uses the proceeds from one cocoa land to purchase others. The results are revealing. The conventional notion that it was only recently that West Africans began to engage in large-scale economic enterprises is shown to be false. One of the main contentions of this book is that the migrant farmer has been remarkably responsive to economic trends. It is further shown that there is no incompatibility between this kind of enterprise and the continuation of traditional forms of social organisation.” —The International African Institute: http://www.internationalafricaninstitute.org/publishing/classics.html -accessed 11 Jan 2017
Interview ••• with Polly Hill, video recording by Alan Macfarlane •••, Cambridge University
“Polly Hills describes her background, the daughter of a Nobel Prize winner and niece of John Maynard Keynes. She outlines her life as an economic anthropologist in Africa and India and her later interest in the local history of the Cambridge fens. Interviewed and filmed by Alan Macfarlane, and lasting about two hours. Generously supported by the Leverhulme Trust.” —interview page, linked above
Studies in Rural Capitalism in West Africa, By Polly Hill. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1970.
“Libertarian Herman Mashaba elected mayor of Johannesburg,” —The Globe and Mail, September 16, 2016, by Geoffrey York •••
“From the Ashes a Cheetah Rises, — A Peculiar Ghanaian Tale” ••• (Barbara Johnson, in Cold War Warrior)
Barbara Johnson’s blog, “Cold War Warrior” •••
AfricanLiberty.org — “… to bring African voices for liberty to the wider world and work with African media to disseminate policy ideas for a new century of peace, freedom, and prosperity.”
Dambisa Moyo, author of Dead Aid — Is aid killing Africa? — video interview on the CATO@Liberty site
Dambisa Moyo interviewed by Erin Burnett, CNBC - covers the essentials very well.
efGlyph 471 Africans Want to Be Entrepreneurs - Dambisa Moyo, author of Dead Aid — interviewed June 10, 2009
“No individual today is more effectively challenging the foreign aid establishment and the harm it inflicts on Africa than Dambisa Moyo, Zambian author of Dead Aid: Why Aid Is Not Working and How There Is Another Way For Africa. She spoke at a recent Cato book forum and has been ubiquitous in the media. For a sense of her views, here’s an interview I recommend that she recently did with the Australian Broadcasting Corporation.” —Ian Vasque
Dambisa Moyo’s YouTube Channel •••
Sahara Reporters — news of Africa ••• (New York Times article with many links, including to Sahara Reporters)
Tiossan: The purpose of our profits ••• — investment in Senegal: the educational philanthropy of the Tiossano Learning Tribe LLC
Cheetahs can be found through Unreasonable Institute ••• — international accelerator and investor in high-impact entrepreneurs.
Eco-Fuel Africa Limited ••• Moses Sanga ••• decided to eradicate over-dependence on wood-fuel in Sub-Saharan Africa by making organic charcoal from agricultural waste.
About the company
Eco-fuel Africa Limited is a social enterprise determined to eradicate over dependence on wood-fuel in Sub-Saharan Africa by making organic charcoal for cooking from agricultural waste as an alternative to fuel wood. It was started by local people in June, 2010 as a self-help project. It's based in Uganda, East Africa.
What we do
First of all, we make and distribute organic charcoal from agricultural waste as an alternative to wood-fuel. Our organic charcoal is distributed through a network of small-scale retailers mainly made up of poor women and youths previously surviving on cutting down trees. This is creating alternative green jobs for people at the base of the pyramid.
Secondly, we use our proceeds to plant trees in Africa in order to try and replace those already lost. Our target is to plant at least a quarter of a billion trees in Africa by 2020. This will create will make Africa an immense carbon sink
Thirdly, we make low-cost kilns and solar-powered briquetting machines from locally available materials and help youth and women groups to start small-scale organic charcoal manufacturing plants. We train these rural women and youth groups in briquette making and supply them with the equipment required. We then link them to markets or buy the charcoal from them directly
Anne Githuku-Shongwe ••• — empower Africa's future leaders including through interactive digital media.
Morris Matadi ••• — rehabilitating, educating, and reintegrating former child soldiers.
Mohamed Ali Niang, Malo Traders ••• — increasing the income of smallholder farmers and providing fortified rice to consumers at an affordable price.
Trickle Up ••• — new business creation in Africa, more Cheetahs … see video interviews •••
Nuru International ••• — ending poverty one community at a time
People and ideas leading to an Africa that works for honest thoughtful entrepreneurial Africans.
Nuru International was founded by Jake Harriman, a former Special Operations Platoon Commander with the U.S. Marines. After fighting the war on terror around the world, Jake became convinced that the only way to end terrorism is to end extreme poverty. He left the Marines and enrolled at Stanford’s Graduate School of Business to create an organization to end extreme poverty. Nuru works amongst the rural poor in the developing world. We’re currently working in Kuria, Kenya, and it is from the local language that we got our name: Nuru is a Kiswahili word meaning light. When Nuru was invited into the community, we mobilized the local farmers into groups.  We then trained local leaders using an innovative leadership development model that equips the poor to become the answers to their own problems.
"Africa: the New Edge, the New Green,” Magatte Wade and Michael Strong, Huffington Post, March 2009 •••
Magatte Wade and Michael Strong ••• "What? You don't know of African companies that produce some of the coolest goods and services on the planet? Right. Well, then we need to talk. We can introduce you to Africa, a land of new possibilities. An Africa that you can respect as a peer, not as an object of pity.” —from the article
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adina_World_Beat_Beverages (drink no evil) — a company founded by Magatte
Emeka Okofor’s blog, Emergent Africa ••• — a platform for analyzing and contributing to the issues and solutions raised by George Ayittey’s latest book, Africa Unchained.
Emeka Okafor is a venture catalyst and entrepreneur who lives in New York City. He was the director for TED Global 2007 that took place in Arusha,Tanzania. In addition Emeka is a principal of the Makeda Fund, a private equity fund and a partner in Caranda, a Food & Beverage company. His other interests include sustainable technologies in the developing world and paradigm breaking technologies in general. His blog, Timbuktu Chronicles seeks to spur dialogue in areas of entrepreneurship, technology and the scientific method as it impacts Africa. "Timbuktu is a city unsullied by the worship of idols...a refuge of scholarly and righteous folk, a haunt of saints and ascetics, and a meeting place of caravans and boats" -Al-Sa'Di
Emeka Okafor links to the story of Temituokpe Esisi, Nigeria, who is building a tailoring business, using knowledge gained from programs sponsored by Goldman Sachs. https://www.vitalvoices.org/vital-voices-women/featured-voices/temituokpe-esisi
http://nubiancheetah.blogspot.com — all about Africa; including business, technology, ict, affordable health solutions, sustainable development, venture capital, and social entrepreneurship.
Free Market Foundation (South Africa, Leon Luow & many others) http://www.freemarketfoundation.com
Address to the Annual General Meeting of the Foundation on 28 August 2008 by Dr. B.C. Benfield.
A Message of Hope for South Africa
South Africans are engulfed in a state of gloom. They need a message of hope – a signal that will lift their spirits and restore their faith in the future of their country.
Post-1994 there was a state of general euphoria. Everyone was proud that the country’s politicians had at last decided to be sensible. Racism had been eliminated as a guiding factor in governance. Authoritarian government, which is its inescapable bedfellow, had been outlawed by a Constitution with a Bill of Rights. The economy started growing again after a long period of stagnation.
Golden years followed, when South Africa, after decades of extreme bitterness, appeared to be set for a time of calm, peaceful, vigorous progress – an era of high economic growth that would allow the nation’s undoubted business genius to flourish and rapidly erase poverty. Even the voices of the collectivist ideologues, whose ideology feeds on poverty and misery, became muted and largely ignored. There was hope; South Africa was on a path to greatness. Our President had given us a glimpse of what wisdom and a sense of humour can do to heal the wounds of past stupidities.
Righting past wrongs
In the intervening years, “righting the wrongs of the past” on a voluntary basis has become little more than government-directed racial preferences that, contrary to the protections contained in the Bill of Rights, has been incorporated in legislation. Additional regulation has interfered increasingly in the ownership rights and management of businesses. Water and mineral rights were nationalised and a flood of ostensibly pro-consumer legislation has steadily eroded the rights of owners and managers of firms and imposed costly compliance burdens on the economy with little or no benefit for the consumer. The only beneficiaries have been armies of new bureaucrats created by this new legislation.
While the nation has been victim to one of the highest crime rates in the world, citizens have been given the impression that the government is not making adequate efforts to contain and reduce the scourge. Curtailing crimes against persons and their property, along with the maintenance of well-functioning courts of law that provide expeditious justice, are core functions of the state under any democratic government. A climate of fear has been allowed to develop, in which no one feels safe in their homes, businesses, or cars.
Attacks on the Constitution
More recently, nothing has had as detrimental effect on the country and its citizens as the utterances of members of the ruling party who have moved from extolling the virtues of the Constitution as “one of the best in the world” to attacking its very purpose, which is to place limitations on government, not to facilitate it. The institutions and checks and balances that the party’s own far-sighted constitutional experts helped put in place were intended to protect future generations of South Africans from power-hungry politicians who want no limits placed on their actions.
Zimbabwe has demonstrated the devastating consequences of the usurpation of power by a single individual or party; the destruction of a country’s Constitution and its democratic institutions. South Africans of all races and persuasions have cause to be disturbed by attacks on their own Constitution by members of their own government.
What’s to be done?
Fortunately, restoring the faith of South Africans in the future of the country should not be difficult. People respond rapidly to the direction of change. For instance, while Eskom’s electricity blackouts engendered feelings of hopelessness and despair, the apparent permanent restoration of supply has quickly returned people to equilibrium. Similarly, vigorous and frequent defence of the country’s Constitution and democratic institutions by senior politicians, particularly of the ruling party, would quickly reverse the current unease felt by most South Africans. Such defence must include an insistence that government departments and officials closely follow the requirements of the Constitution, both in the formulation and application of legislation.
Restoring the Constitution to its rightful place in ordering the lives of the citizens of the country would make a positive contribution towards their perspective regarding their future and that of their children. Governments can come and go, but a sound Constitution and the institutions of state that it governs, is a beacon that guides those governments in the manner in which citizens should be treated. Whilst the Constitution rules over government, the people are safe. When government rules over the Constitution, the people are in danger. Constitutions keep people and their property safe, even when their worst enemies are in control of government. Had the current Constitution been in place in 1910, apartheid and all its attendant evils would not have been possible.
A high growth path for South Africa’s economy
Placing South Africa’s economy on a high growth path should also not be difficult. Whatever collectivist ideologues and development statists might have to say about the matter, the evidence shows clearly that countries with the greatest economic freedom, or more importantly those that are moving towards greater economic freedom have the highest growth rates.
If South Africa truly wants to have growth rates equivalent to the best in the world there is only one direction it can go, that is, towards greater economic freedom. Greater economic freedom provides not only higher economic growth rates but higher incomes for the poor; higher life expectancies; lower rates of infant mortality; improved water supplies; less corruption; a better environment; and greater civil liberties. The per capita incomes of the poorest 10 per cent in the most economically free countries is more than 8 times greater at $7,334 (R56,800) than the per capita incomes at $905 (R7,000) of the people in the least economically free countries.
Greater economic freedom for South Africa
South Africa will become more economically free if it chooses to:
• Improve the legal structure, policing, and security of property rights, respect the independence of the judiciary, and drastically reduce crime;
• Abolish exchange controls and increase the stability of the rand by improved control over the money supply, which will rapidly reduce inflation, encourage foreign investment, and facilitate trade;
• Increase the demand for labour by reducing compliance costs, restore the contractual rights of the unemployed, and lift the regulation of minimumwages to avoid pricing the unskilled out of the market;
• Reduce administrative requirements and bureaucratic costs to improve the “ease of doing business”;
• Reduce the size of government by reducing government consumption expenditure as a percentage of total consumption, dispose of public enterprises, open up the respective areas of the economy to competition, and reduce top marginal and payroll taxes; and
• Channel all BBBEE through the budget, utilising the sale of state assets and taxes to take corrective action, and stop the current random and disruptive interference in the operation of businesses.
If our government takes this purposeful action to improve the political and economic environment in South Africa, the gloom and doom will disappear as rapidly as it did when the electricity came back on. People will once again look forward eagerly to a bright future.
Right now, South Africa needs to be given a powerful message of hope by its government – a government that has both the capacity and duty to do so.
Author: Dr BC Benfield is the Chairman of the Free Market Foundation. This article may be republished without prior consent but with acknowledgement to the author. The views expressed in the article are the authors and are not necessarily shared by the members of the Foundation (Adapted from Dr Benfield’s address to the Annual General Meeting of the Foundation on 28 August 2008.
Interview with Leon Louw, ••• by Prodos •••
Prodos thanks Ron Manners ••• for support. Mankal Economic Eduation Foundation •••
Habits of Highly Effective Countries, by Leon Louw
Table of Contents
The policy maker’s question 1
South African economic policy 1
Methodology 3
Improving efficacy – CBAs and RIAs 4
Improving constitutionality 5
Is foreign aid foreign harm? 6
Poor advice for poor countries 7
Why Africa is prospering 8
Africa and South Africa in context 9
Are poor countries at a disadvantage? – ‘The Funnel’ 10
Why don’t poor countries choose prosperity? 10
Poor countries have poor policies 14
Land and agriculture 14
Not policy formulation 15
The integrity of the legal system is crucial for growth 15
Growth-inducing factors are not necessarily obvious 18
Everything gets better with growth 19
The Good Society and its friends 20
Examples of ‘everything’ 20
Health 21
Literacy 22
Human development 22
Sanitation 23
Water 23
Should there be a ‘war on poverty’? 24
The income gap fallacy 24
In freer economies ‘the rich get richer and the poor get richer faster’ 25
The miracle of poverty 27
Growth, the Eighth Wonder of the World 28
Capital – what it is and does 30
Things people know that just ain’t so 32
Education for growth? 32
Non-factors 33
Diverse meanings of ‘freedom’ 36
Economic freedom and its consequences 36
Political freedom and civil liberties 38
Freedom House findings 39
‘Pure’ statistics 39
The acceleration effect 40
Natural resources – blessing or curse? 47
Does size matter – doing more by doing less? 47
Hypothesis testing 50
Regulation and over-regulation 50
Reinventing the wheel 53
Reality matters 53
Are ‘The Fundamentals’ in place – are they The Fundamentals? 54
20:20 Analysis 54
South Africa versus the Top 20 – growth 56
South Africa ahead of the world’s best in some areas … 59
… but may be regressing 59
South Africa’s ‘Short List’ 60
Economic Freedom of the World Index Components 62
The complete book (1.5 MB pdf) •••
The Green Belt Movement ••• : climate resilience, has planted over 51 million trees in Kenya.
Also in vLeopold (will be put there)
Participants in this vortex
Gayle Pergamit, Ed Warner, Steve Elliott, Leif Smith, Jan Prince, Spencer MacCallum, Shannon Ewing, Mark Frazier, Jim Bennett, Henry Okiria, Pat Wagner, Jerry Anderson, Nuru visitors to EF, 08Mar10
To be invited: Magatte Wade, Michael Strong, Leon Louw, George Ayittey, David Russell (Trickle Up), …